The Persistence of Nahua Culture

“The Will of Don Miguel Damián”
Ink and watercolor on amatl
Xochimilco, 1576

Don Miguel Damián sits, his eyes closed in death, on a straw chair. His noble status is indicated by the headdress behind his chair. Doña Ana, his deceased first wife faces him; Doña Ysabel, his surviving second wife (of one year), is behind him. Don Miguel's four children are above: Doña María, Don Gaspar, Doña Vaula [Baula, Paula], and Don Francisco Damián. The heirs’ names are written on the inherited properties which include orchards, buildings, and land.

Newberry Library: Vault oversize Ayer MS 1900

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