William Clark's Nez Perce Son
Many members of the Corps of Discovery had sexual relationships
women from the tribes who hosted them along the trail. One Nez Perce woman
bore William Clark's son, Halaftooki (Daytime Smoke), following the
Americans' stay with her tribe in 1806.
A tribal elder by the 1860s, Halaftooki hoped that his heritage would insulate
him from the growing conflict between the Nez Perces and white miners and settlers.
However, when fighting broke out in 1877, he fled across the mountains with
kinsmen, and was captured with Chief Joseph.
It is believed that Halaftooki married into the Salish people and
had a daughter, Mary, who in turn had a daughter Eugenia, great grand daughter
of William Clark.
Zimmerman Portrait Gallery. William Clark’s Indian Son, Halaftooki (Daytime