Platform of the International Workingmen's Party of Illinois, as recorded in Michael J. Schaak, Anarchy and Anarchists: A History of the Red Terror and the Social Revolution in America and Europe; Communism, Socialism, and Nihilism in Doctrine and in Deed; The Chicago Haymarket Conspiracy, and the Detection and Ttrial of the Conspirators (Chicago, 1889), pp. 50-52.