The expansion and rejuvenation of Vienna in the 1850s and 1860s under the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I was much admired by city planners. In the Plan of Chicago Burnham and Bennett singled out for comment the construction of the Ringstrasse, a broad circular boulevard around the old city core built on a right of way cleared by the destruction of the ancient city walls in 1858. This elegant boulevard not only improved movement around the city, but also provided much needed open space near the city core. A section of that open space, along the Vienna River (a small tributary of the Danube) was transformed into the Stadtpark (City Park), which opened in 1862. A series of floods in the later nineteenth century prompted a massive water control project along the Vienna River, which was partially covered over and channelized. New bridges were constructed across the river, and within the Stadtpark, a lovely promenade and hanging gardens, shown in this view from the German illustrated magazine, Illustrirte Zeitung. The Plan of Chicago does not specifically mention this improvement, but the comparisons readily may be made to its proposals for the Chicago River waterfront.
See also: Moving Freight
Abercrombie, Patrick. “Vienna: Parts I and II,” The Town Planning Review, vol. 1, no. 3 (October,1910): 220-34.
Hall, Peter. Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.
Wilson, William H. The City Beautiful Movement. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.
Museum of Modern Art. “Object: Photo – Modern Photographs 1909-1949, the Thomas Walther Collection.” https://www.moma.org/visit/calendar/exhibitions/1496
The World of the Habsburgs. http://www.habsburger.net/en
Erwin Pendl, “Der monumentale Wien-Einwölbungsablchluß im Stadtpark zu Wien. Nach einem Aquarell von Erwin Pendl.,” from Illustrirte Zeitung (Leipzig, Germany: J.J Weber, 1908), p. 177. The Newberry Library, A53 .42