Ruffians in Kansas

The tone of The Border Ruffian Code in Kansas, the Republican pamphlet where this map appeared, was much more biting than Reynold’s Political Map of the United States. This pamphlet described the territorial legislature of Kansas as a “bogus” body that had “notoriously forced [laws] upon the people of that territory, at the hands of invading ruffians from Missouri.” A caption to the map explained that northern white workers were effectively enslaved to the southern slave-holding oligarchy.