Lincoln’s Opponents

Lincoln’s opponents in the 1860 presidential election held different positions on slavery. Stephen A. Douglas, a northern Democrat, advocated popular sovereignty, or the right of voters to decide. John C. Breckinridge of the National Democrats (the Southern faction) supported the westward expansion of slavery. John Bell of the Constitutional Union Party took no stance other than devotion to the Constitution, appealing to Southerners not ready for secession.