17 results for “Dakota Territory”

The Massacre of United States Troops by the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians Near Fort Philip Kearney, Dakotah Territory, December 22nd, 1866

In 1866 U. S. soldiers sought to defend three recently built forts protecting the Bozeman Trail leading to the gold fields of Montana. Lieutenant Colonel W. J. Fetterman led eighty men against the Sioux, expecting an easy victory, and he and all his soldiers were killed. A peace treaty was concluded in 1868.

Date
January 19, 1867
Subjects
Cheyenne Indians
Indians of North America
Sioux
Places
Dakota Territory
Portrait of Theodore Roosevelt

Future U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is pictured here wearing buckskin and carrying a hunting rifle. After the death of his first wife in childbirth, Roosevelt moved to his ranch in the Dakota Territory where he wrote Hunting Trips of a Ranchman. The son of a wealthy New York businessman, Roosevelt chose to have himself portrayed as a rugged frontiersman.

Creator
Frost, A. B.
Date
1885
Subjects
Political leaders
Places
Dakota Territory
Great Plains
People
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919
If You Are Bound to Go to the Gold Fields of the Black Hills

The discovery of gold in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory drew thousands of fortune-seekers, and the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad hoped they would all be paying passengers on their lines. Gold mining in the Black Hills also touched off many years of violence between the Sioux who claimed the territory and the U.S. government, which sought to protect the interests of white settlers and miners.

Creator
Chicago and North Western Railway Company
Date
ca. 1877
Subjects
Gold Mining
Railroads
Places
Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)
Zitkala-Sa

Zitkala-Sa (1876-1938) was born Gertrude Bonnin on the Yankton Sioux reservation in Dakota Territory. As a youth she attended one of the many boarding schools designed to assimilate Native Americans into European-American culture. As an adult she became a writer, speaker and political organizer for the cause of Native American self-determination.

Date
1921
Subjects
Indians of North America
Sioux
People
Zitkala-Sa, 1876-1938
Rain-in-the-Face. Sioux.

Rain-in-the-Face was among the Sioux warriors who defeated the U.S. Army under George Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn. In this portrait by the painter Eldridge Ayer Burbank he is dressed in a Euro-American suit, unlike the portrait in image #195.

Creator
Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949
Date
1898
Subjects
Battle of Little Big Horn
Indians of North America
Sioux
Places
South Dakota
People
Rain-in-the-Face, ca. 1835-1905
Chief American Horse, Northern Cheyenne

Oil on canvas. Signed “E.A. Burbank, Lame Deer, Mont., 1897.”

Creator
Burbank, E. A. (Elbridge Ayer), 1858-1949
Date
1897
Subjects
Cheyenne Indians
Places
Montana
People
American Horse, Dakota Chief, 1840-1908
An Improved Edition of a Map of the Surveyed Part of the Territory of Michigan

John Farmer became the premier cartographer of Michigan in the early nineteenth century, publishing his first map of the state in 1826. In this map that Farmer published in English in 1835, he neglects Indian villages, unlike the 1834 version published in German, and also shows that an increasing part of the state has been covered by the rectangular land survey.

Creator
Farmer, John, 1798-1859
Date
1835?
Subjects
Mapping
Places
Mackinac Island (Mich.)
Michigan
Charles A. Eastman at Knox College in 1880

Also known by his Dakota name Ohiyesa, Eastman grew up with his grandmother and uncle in Manitobabut became a Christian at his father's urging. He attended Knox and Dartmouth Colleges, and received a medical degree from Boston University. He married a white classmate, Elaine Goodale, and then served as a medical officer at the Pine Ridge reservation in the early 1890s.

Date
1880
Subjects
Education
Indians of North America
Sioux
Places
Illinois
Charles A. Eastman

Also known by his Dakota name Ohiyesa, Eastman grew up with his grandmother and uncle in Manitobabut became a Christian at his father's urging. He attended Knox and Dartmouth Colleges, and received a medical degree from Boston University. He married a white classmate, Elaine Goodale, and then served as a medical officer at the Pine Ridge reservation in the early 1890s.

Date
1916
Subjects
Indians of North America
Sioux
Chicago Under the Mob

When Frederic Remington wrote and illustrated this article about labor unrest in Chicago he was already a well-known for his images of western themes. The text describes Chicago's immigrant workers as an uncivilized and violent mob. The troops sent to restore order, Remington points out, had recently participated in the massacre of Native Americans at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.

Creator
Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909
Date
1895
Subjects
Labor
Pullman Company
Pullman Strike, 1894
Working class
Places
Chicago (Ill.)