11 results for “California”

Emigrant Party on the Road to California

Hearing about the discovery of gold in California, many people headed westward along the Oregon-California Trail.

Date
1850
Subjects
Emigration and immigration
Gold Rush
Places
California
Utah
For Pike's Peak Ho!

As this advertisement explains, the trip from western Missouri to Denver took more than six days by stagecoach in the 1860s. The advent of rail travel would greatly speed transcontinental travel in the late 19th century.

Creator
Central Overland, California and Pike's Peak Express Co.
Date
[1860]
Subjects
Postal service
Transportation
Places
California
Colorado
Missouri
The March of Destiny

The scene depicts “Pioneer Heroes” in a caravan heading westward. An inset in the upper left portrays migrants crossing the Appalachian mountains in Kentucky, while an inset in the bottom right corner dramatizes the search for gold in California.

Date
1883
Subjects
Frontier and pioneer life
Gold Rush
Indians of North America
Visions of history
Places
California
Kentucky
Cover of _Western Life and How I Became a Bronco Buster_

The book details the author's experiences as he traveled from Liverpool, England, to California to become a bronco buster.

Creator
Quickfall, Bob Grantham
Date
1891
Subjects
Cowboys
Ranch life
Places
West (U.S.)
Sleeping on the Burlington Route and Eating on the Burlington Route

Printed in a guidebook, “How to Go West,” these advertisements for Pullman cars stressed elegance, comfort, and speed. Pullman cars changed the nature of rail travel for middle and upper class travelers.

Date
1872
Subjects
Advertisement
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company
Pullman cars
Railroads
Tourism
The Switzerland of America

Appearing in a guidebook, “How to Go West,” this advertisement celebrated the healthful climate and natural beauty of the Rocky Mountains as “The Switzerland of America.”

Date
1872
Subjects
Railroads
Tourism
Places
Colorado
Great Plains
View of Burlington

A view from the south of the town of Burlington, Iowa. Paddle wheel boats navigate the Mississippi River while others dock at the shore. In the foreground a locomotive crosses the iron bridge spanning the river. Steeples of the town's many churches are visible along the skyline. Printed in the guidebook “How to Go West,” the image suggests opportunities for work, trade, and community for those moving west.

Date
1872
Subjects
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company
Railroads
Places
Iowa
Mississippi River
Items for Passengers Going Across the Continent

A page from the guidebook “How to Go West” details the prices for passengers and freight traveling across North America in the early 1870s. Sleeping cars were reserved for 1st class passengers only. Second class and emigrant class passengers rode in less elegant accommodations and were advised to bring “a lunch basket” for a trip lasting several days from Omaha to San Francisco.

Date
1872
Subjects
Advertisement
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company
Pullman cars
Railroads
Tourism
Views of the Big Blue, South of Seward, Nebraska

Appearing in a guide for potential settlers, “How to Go West,” these images of rolling prairie in eastern Nebraska suggest both prosperous farms and open land for newcomers. Railroads crossing the Great Plains often advertised the availability of good land in areas served by their lines.

Date
1872
Subjects
Advertisement
Agriculture
Railroads
Places
Great Plains
Nebraska
Homesteads and Pre-Emptions

During the late 19th century the U.S. government aided settlement of farm farmers on the Great Plains by offering land at very low prices to those who would establish farms. As this description of the process indicates, immigrants seeking homestead land were required to declared their intention to become American citizen. For European immigrants this was a very small barrier.

Date
1872
Subjects
Agriculture
Immigration
Railroads
Places
Great Plains
Kansas
Nebraska