<em>The Slave's Friend</em>
Lewis Tappan, editor, The Slave's Friend, 1836-1839.

Advocacy for change is part of any political and economic system. But it can be hard on one’s health, not to mention on one’s printing press, bank account, and friends. Printed copies of documents advocating reform can therefore be valuable for many reasons. The examples here voice demands (at times implicitly) for racial, economic, gender, and political change.


To support the abolition of slavery, the American Anti-Slavery Society issued this monthly children’s magazine, designed to show the terrible conditions of slavery in the United States and to popularize anti-slavery ideas. [Essay 5]

Lewis Tappan (editor)
The Slave’s Friend

New York: R. G. Williams for American Anti-Slavery Society, volume 1, numbers 2 and 5, [1836]
Ruggles Fund, 1999
Case miniature D 886 .007 ; VAULT Ruggles 455

<em>Cherokee Phoenix</em>
Elias Boudinot, editor, Cherokee Phoenix, March 6, 1828.

This is the first American Indian newspaper printed in the United States. The Cherokee portion was printed using the syllabary created by the Cherokee intel­lectual Sequoya in 1821. [Essay 22]

Elias Boudinot (editor)
Cherokee Phoenix

New Echota, Georgia, volume 1, number 3, March 6, 1828
Ayer Fund, 1946
Ayer 1 .C45

<em>The Red Man's Greeting, 1492-1892</em>
Simon Pokagon, The Red Man's Greeting, 1492-1892 ca. 1893.

Simon Pokagon led a band of Potawatomi Indians in southwest Michigan. He sold this book at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. It describes the Fair’s organizers’ refusal to recognize the area’s original inhabitants. [Essay 26]

Simon Pokagon
The Red Man’s Greeting, 1492-1892

Hartford, Michigan: C.H. Engle, 1893
Gift of Edward E. Ayer, 1911
Ayer 251 .P651 P7 1893

<em>Wassaja: Freedom&rsquo;s Signal for the Indians, </em>Vol. 1, No. 1
Carlos Montezuma, editor, Wassaja: Freedom’s Signal for the Indians, April, 1916.

Chicago physician and activist Carlos Montezuma established this newspaper to argue for American Indian independence from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. It is another fine example of the Newberry’s American Indian collection. [Essay 30]

Carlos Montezuma (editor)
Wassaja, Freedom’s Signal for the Indians

Chicago: Carlos Montezuma, volume 1, number 1, April 1916
Gift of Edward E. Ayer, 1918
Ayer 1 .W27

Eugene Debs Campaign Novelty Drinking Cup
May Walden, Eugene Debs Campaign Novelty Drinking Cup, 1912.

Socialist Party campaigner May Walden created this portable drinking cup to support her party’s presidential candidate, Eugene Debs, in 1912. Walden’s papers are part of a collection of papers of people in the Midwest and Chicago. [Essay 39]

May Walden
Eugene Debs Campaign Drinking Cup; Explanation of Eugene Debs Campaign Novelty Drinking Cup
Chicago, 1912
Gift of May Walden, 1959
Midwest MS Walden


<em>The Anvil</em>
Jack Conroy, editor, The Anvil, September-October 1933.

Writer Jack Conroy opened this leftist literary magazine to give voice to young writers “from the mills, mines, forests, factories, and offices of America.” Nelson Algren, Langston Hughes, and Meridel Le Seuer all appeared in its pages. [Essay 44]

Jack Conroy (editor), John Rogers (illustrator)
The Anvil

Moberly, Missouri, number 2, September–October 1933
Gift of Jack Conroy, 1989
Midwest MS Conroy, Box 53, Folder 2065

<em>"I got feelin's, Jack..."</em> Political Cartoon
John Fischetti, "I got feelin's, Jack..." Political Cartoon, 1964.

Pulitzer-Prize winning cartoonist John Fischetti drew this piece for the New York Herald Tribune at the height of the Civil Rights Movement, after three civil rights workers had been lynched in Mississippi. Fischetti’s papers are part of the Newberry’s collection of American journalism. [Essay 45]  

John R. Fischetti
“I Got Feelin’s Jack. I’ll Bomb the Church All Right, But Not on a Sunday Night,”

New York, 1964
Gift of Karen Fischetti, 1998
Midwest MS Fischetti, Box 21 Folder 1231