<em>Essais de messire Michel seignevr de Montaigne, chevalier de l&rsquo;Ordre du roy, &amp; gentil-homme ordi-naire de sa chambre</em>
Michel de Montaigne, Essais de messire Michel seignevr de Montaigne, ..., 1580.

This is the first edition of Michel de Mon­tagine’s Essais, one of the founding texts of modernity. The author was deeply influenced by the religious and philosophical conflicts of his age, and in turn influenced subsequent writers. [Essay 97]

Michel de Montaigne
Essais de messire Michel seigneur de Montaigne, chevalier de l’Ordre du roy, & gentil-homme ordi-naire de sa chambre. Livre premier & second
[First and second books of the essays of the Honorable Michel, Lord of Montaigne]
Bordeaux: Simon Millanges, 1580
Louis H. Silver Collection, 1964
VAULT Case 3A 584

<em>Don Quixote</em>
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote, 1605.

This is an extremely rare first edition of one of the most influen­tial works of world literature, Don Quixote de la Mancha (published in two volumes in 1605 and 1615, respectively). Many early editions of this work and other early modern Iberian writings are in the Newberry. [Essay 96]

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha
[The ingenious gentleman Don Quixote of la Mancha]
Madrid: Juan de la Cuesta, vol. 1, 1605
Louis H. Silver Collection, 1964
Case Y 722 .C344


<em>The [first and] secound booke of the secound part of the Countess of Montgomery&rsquo;s Urania</em>
Lady Mary Wroth, ... the Countess of Montgomery’s Urania, ca. 1621.

Mary Wroth was the first English woman to compose a complete sonnet sequence and the first to write an original work of prose fiction. This is a draft version of her romance, Urania. It is the Newberry’s most important English literary manuscript. [Essay 100]

Lady Mary Wroth
[first and] secound booke of the secound part of the Countess of Montgomery’s Urania
England, after 1621
Frederic Ives Carpenter Fund, 1936
VAULT Case MS folio Y 1565 .W95

<em>Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories &amp; Tragedies : published according to the true originall copies.</em>
William Shakespeare, Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies : ..., 1623.

Perhaps the most discussed, studied, and fe­tishized book in English literature is the First Fo­lio, the common name for the first printed collection of William Shakespeare’s plays. This copy belonged to Louis H. Silver, a Chicago businessman whose library was especially rich in Elizabethan literature including Shakespeare quartos and folio editions. [Essay 101]

William Shakespeare
Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies

London: Isaac Iaggard and Ed. Blount, 1623
Louis H. Silver Collection, 1964
VAULT Case oversize YS 01

<em>Candide, ou L&rsquo;optimisme</em>
Voltaire, Candide, 1759.

This copy of Voltaire’s masterpiece is still bound in its original blue-paper wrapper—the book re­mains almost exactly as it was when it was printed in early 1759. It represents the earliest physical state of the earliest printed text version of Candide. [Essay 64]

François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire
Candide, ou l’Optimisme
[Candide, or the optimist]
London, 1759
Louis H. Silver Collection purchase, 1964
Case Y 762 .V8802

<em>Moby-Dick; or, the Whale<br /></em>
Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, ..., 1851.

With more than 6,000 works, the Newberry owns one of the largest holdings in the world of materials related to Herman Melville. Shown here: the first American edition, and translations into Marathi, Spanish, and Russian. [Essay 70]

Herman Melville
Moby-Dick, or, the Whale

New York: Harper & Bros., 1851
Herman Melville Collection, gift of Harrison Hayford, 1965
VAULT Melville PS2384 .M6 1851a

<em>Moby Dick</em>, International Editions
Herman Melville, Moby Dick, International Editions.

Herman Melville
Moby Dick
in Various Languages
various publishers and dates
Gifts of H. Howard Hughes, 1984
Melville Collection, uncatalogued

Arthur Conan Doyle&rsquo;s Notes for <em>The White Company</em> and <em>Sir Nigel</em>
Arthur Conan Doyle, Notes for The White Company and Sir Nigel, ca. 1889-1905.

Arthur Conan Doyle’s The White Company is an historical novel set in the Middle Ages. This notebook is part of the Kittle Collection, some 700 publica­tions, manuscripts, photographs, artworks, and objects relating to Conan Doyle. [Essay 66]

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Notebook for The White Company and Sir Nigel
London, 1889–1890
Gift of C. Frederick Kittle, 2004
VAULT folio Case MS 5116 no.2