Calligraphy and Typography

<em>Saggio caratteri in legno</em>
E. Toni & C., Saggio caratteri in legno, 19th century.

Calligraphy and Typography go hand in hand. They involve the study and practice of making letter forms, especially beautiful ones. The Newberry’s collection strongly supports study in these areas.       


Created by a wood-type manufacturer in central Italy, this seven-color specimen was aimed at job printers—local crafts­men who printed posters, handbills, invitations, and cards. It is the only known copy. [Essay 68]

Saggio caratteri in legno [Wood type specimen]
Foligno: E. Toni & C., 1888   
Wing Fund, 1941
Case Wing oversize Z 40535 .884

Rockwell Kent's Illustrations for Melville&rsquo;s <em>Moby Dick</em>
Rockwell Kent, Illustrations for Melville’s Moby Dick, ca. 1930.

Chicago’s R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company printed an edition of Herman Melville’s Moby Dick lavishly illustrated by Rockwell Kent. The Newberry holds the most complete surviving set of proofs for these illustrations. [Essay 69]

Rockwell Kent
Proof sheets for the Lakeside Press’s Moby Dick
Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons, 1930
Gift of Dan Burne Jones, 1977
Case Wing oversize ZX 083 .K37

An Original Wood Block, used in the Golden Cockerel Press edition of <em>The Four Gospels</em>
Eric Gill, An Original Wood Block, ..., ca. 1931.

Eric Gill is best known as a designer of widely used typefaces. He also created woodblocks like this one, for the fine press printer, the Golden Cockerel Press. [Essay 73]

Eric Gill
Initial Block for Four Gospels
Ditchling, Surrey: Golden Cockerel Press, 1931
Wing Fund, 1962
Case Wing ZY 945 .G4117

Advertising Brochure and Drawings for Cooper Black Type
Oswald Bruce Cooper, Advertising Brochure and Drawings for Cooper Black Type, 1919-1922.

Cooper Black, created in Chicago, was the most widely used and imitated advertising type in America for much of the first half of the twentieth century. Today it typifies the witty, punchy élan of the 1920s. [Essay 71]

Oswald Bruce Cooper
Drawings for Cooper Black Type; Advertising Brochure
Chicago, 1919/1922
Gifts of Bertsch & Cooper, 1946
Wing Modern MS Cooper

Original Blocks for Wood-Engravings
Thomas Bewick, Original Blocks for Wood-Engravings, 19th century.

Thomas Bewick was un­doubtedly the greatest wood engraver of the early-modern era. The Newberry holds 119 of his blocks, the largest collection in America. [Essay 65]

Thomas Bewick
Peacock Wood Block; Peacock Print
Newcastle upon Tyne, c. 1800; Bewick Cherryburn Edition, 1970
Wing Fund, 1943
Case Wing oversize ZY 845 .B572