José Guadalupe Posada: Art of the Mexican Revolution
José Guadalupe Posada (1852-1913) was an artist of the people. In the decades leading up to the Mexican Revolution, his engravings circulated throughout the streets of Mexico City on broadsides printed by Antonio Venagas Arroyo, whose scandalous and harrowing headlines accompanied Posada’s angular images. During the reign of Mexican president Porfirio Díaz, the government at times employed the Arroyo print shop, so Posada accordingly produced flattering images of the president. However, the artist also created satirical commentaries on the unbalanced social structure under Díaz, a source of social tension that contributed to the start of the Revolution in 1910.
Posada's engraved plates continued to be printed throughout the twentieth century. The examples here were printed in 1943 by Antonio Vanegas Arroyo's grandson, Arsacio.
For more on José Guadalupe Posada and his broadsides, see Posada’s Broadsheets: Mexican Popular Imagery, 1890-1910 by Patrick Frank or José Guadalupe Posada and the Mexican Broadside by Diane Miliotes.