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Chapter Two of The Plan of Chicago, “City Planning in Ancient and Modern Times,” situated the project within the long history of urban design. It charts urban planning’s history from the building of Babylon, Egypt, and Athens, and Rome to medieval and Renaissance cities, and conclude with eighteenth and nineteenth century European and American examples. Manila and Baguio City in the Philippines, for which Burnham and Bennett had recently executed plans, are also mentioned. Burnham and Bennett devote the largest portion of the chapter to major cities in Western and Central Europe, most especially to Vienna, Berlin, London, and Paris. It was from these cities, and the classical models that had shaped them over the previous three centuries, that City Beautiful Movement drew its aesthetic inspiration and its sense of urban function and structure.
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“From Barcino to BCN: The History of Barcelona.” Jaume Sobrequés, Director. Ajuntamente de Barcelona. http://www.bcn.cat/historia/index_en.htm
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