Chicago’s meteoric rise during the nineteenth century from a sleepy frontier outpost to the second largest metropolis in the country by the end of the century attracted international attention. The city’s renown reached new heights in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, partly thanks to several events:  the 1871 conflagration that destroyed much of the city’s built environment; Chicago’s speedy recovery from the Great Fire; the development of the skyscraper; and the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. The waxing of Chicago’s fame was aided by the proliferation of illustrated, mass-market publications during this same period, including  magazines, newspapers, guidebooks, maps, prints, maps, and photographs.  These illustrated publications fostered the close identification of Chicago’s reputation as a city with its built forms. These publications, cheaply produced and widely distributed, spread Chicago’s image around the globe.

See also: The World's Columbian Exposition

 

PRINT

Avrich, Paul. The Haymarket Tragedy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cronon, William. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1991.

Dillon, Diane. “Consuming Maps.” In Maps: Finding Our Place in the World, ed. James Akerman and Robert Karrow. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Gassan, Richard. "The First American Tourist Guidebooks: Authorship and Print Culture of the 1820s." Book History 8 (2005): pp. 51-74. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30227372

Gold, John Robert, and Stephen V. Ward, eds. Place Promotion: The Use of Publicity and Marketing to Sell Towns and Regions. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994

Peters, Cynthia. “Rand McNally and Company--Printers, Publishers, Cartographers: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Mass Marketing.” MA thesis, The University of Chicago, 1981.

Green, James. Death in the Haymarket. New York: Pantheon Books, 2006.

Hotchkiss, George W. History of the Lumber and Forest Industry of the Northwest. Chicago: G.W. Hotchkiss & Co., 1906.

Miller, Ross. American Apocalypse: The Great Fire and the Myth of Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Roediger, David and Franklin Rosemont, eds. Haymarket Scrapbook: 125th Anniversary Edition. Oakland: AK Press, 2012.

Sawislak, Karen. Smoldering City: Chicagoans and the Great Fire, 1871–1874. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Smith, Carl. Urban Disorder and the Shape of Belief. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Ward, Stephen V. Selling Places: The Marketing and Promotion of Towns and Cities, 1850–2000. New York: Routledge, 1998.

 

WEB

The Great Chicago Fire & the Web of Memory. Chicago History Museum. http://www.greatchicagofire.org/

The Dramas of Haymarket. Chicago Historical Society (Chicago History Museum), http://www.chicagohistory.org/dramas/

The Haymarket Digital Collection. Chicago Historical Society (Chicago History Museum), http://www.chicagohistory.org/hadc/