Map of the United States of America (detail), John Melish, 1816

The Ohio River Valley

This 1816 map of the United States underscored the unfamiliarity of the lands distant from the Ohio River.  To the north of the river the map, published shortly after the War of 1812, depicts a widespread Indian presence and still-sparse white settlements. The typical migration pattern of families from the upper South, including the Lincolns, began to change as more white settlers ventured northward into lands that until recently had been populated by Indians.

This detail shows the region in which Abraham Lincoln lived almost his entire life.