Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself, Frederick Douglass, 1845

No More a Slave

Frederick Douglass escaped slavery in 1838 at the age of twenty. Soon after, he became an active member of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, speaking in many northern states and eventually in Europe. Douglass’s 1845 autobiography added the powerful voice of a former slave to the abolitionists’ cause.

During the Civil War, Douglass called for Lincoln to summon slaves and free blacks to fight for the Union. Lincoln welcomed Douglass to the White House on multiple occasions, including the second inaugural in 1865.