"The Potter House, Atlanta," George N. Barnard, 1864

The Fall of Atlanta

From May though August 1864, Major General William Tecumseh Sherman’s Union forces conducted a campaign to capture Atlanta, a key rail and manufacturing center. On September 1 and 2, the city fell, lifting northern spirits, including Lincoln’s, who predicted that Sherman’s campaign would become “famous in the annals of war.” Sherman’s victory greatly aided Lincoln’s re-election chances in November while sounding a loud death knell for the Confederacy.