"Butler: Hanged—The Negro Freed—On Paper—1863," Frank Leslie's Budget of Fun, February 1, 1863

A Negative Reaction

Public reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation ran the gamut. While some hailed Lincoln’s decree, others found fault. This cartoon pairs Lincoln, signing a proclamation freeing the slaves, with Jefferson Davis, the Confederate president, who has issued an order to hang Union General Benjamin Butler for his harsh rule in occupied New Orleans. In reality, Butler never hung, but African Americans gained their freedom.