Hood worn by Lewis T. Powell, 1865

Silencing the Prisoners

Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton ordered those arrested for Lincoln’s assassination to wear heavy canvas hoods with a small hole for eating but no openings for the eyes or ears; the prisoners wore them day and night to prevent conversation. They also wore rigid wrist irons and heavy leg shackles to impede movement and prevent escape.

Stanton was criticized for employing such methods.