Posts Tagged ‘Treaties’

Federal and State Recognition

From the time of the establishment of the United States to 1871, the federal government recognized tribes when they signed treaties with them. The U. S. acknowledged that the group that was party to the treaty was a tribe and that the tribe was entitled to protection and support in the form of economic, educational, [...]

Tribal Enrollment

Tribes have the right to determine their own membership. These criteria for enrollment vary from tribe to tribe. In the Midwest, the criteria are based on descendancy, that is, descent from an individual on a particular roll, as well as, in some cases, blood quantum and/or residency of the applicant or his/her parents. Most tribes [...]

1851 Treaty

Please close this window to return to previous page. [Man speaking Dakota] Narrator: 1862. In the midst of the Civil War, newspapers north and south reported of a terrible Indian massacre in the remote state of Minnesota, of families, women and children, murdered in their homes. For years White settlers told stories of the “red [...]

Low – Pokagon Recognition

Please close this window to return to previous page. The Pokagon Potawatomi Indians, I think, are a typical example of tribes that were historically recognized by the United States government and subsequently disenfranchised and denied their sovereign status. And that can be a very disastrous experience for a community because that tribal identity can be [...]

Edmunds – Treaty Research

Please close this window to return to previous page. The treaties are really interesting in that they are written on two or three levels. And when you initially read through treaties you can say in this treaty an Indian tribe has given up this amount of land and the federal government is going to supply [...]

Nesper – Cultural Change Research

Please close this window to return to previous page. Ojibwa people stipulated for the right to continue to hunt, fish, and gather on their traditional territories when they ceded land to the United States. Those rights were exercised for a period of time in the middle of the 19th century and the State of Wisconsin [...]

Low – Pokagon Claims

Please close this window to return to previous page. The 1895 claim was essentially for annuities and other payments pursuant to land cession treaties that had been completed. In 1833, [and] was the last of the land cession treaties that the Pokagon Potawatomi signed. And there were monies to be paid, other benefits, education and [...]

Menominee Claim

Please close this window to return to previous page. Shirley Daly, Menominee: It’s just something that you can’t comprehend happening, but it did happen: we were terminated. Narrator: The plan was to terminate the reservation status of Menominee lands. Acting on a 1952 Republican campaign promise to get the federal government out of the Indian [...]

Mille Lacs v. Minnesota

Please close this window to return to previous page. Nick Vander Puy: Mark Slonim, we’re on the Bad River Reserve in northwestern Wisconsin. We’re celebrating 25 years of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Some of the fruits of the treaty movement are a feast we’re having tonight. We still have treaty rights, [...]

Treaty Rights Movement

Please close this window to return to previous page. Nick Vander Puy: Patty Loew. Patty Loew: Boozhoo. Vander Puy: Good to see you up north again. Loew: Mii-gwitch. Vander Puy: Your home territory. Loew: Yep. Vander Puy: It’s good being here.  It’s kind of a celebration, 25 years of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and [...]