Posts Tagged ‘Museums’

Low – Repatriation

Please close this window to return to previous page. We’ve been working with tribal employees, tribal council, to get the inventories that are required by NAGPRA for museums to provide to us, and to go through those, and to try to get ancestors returned to us when possible. Some of those have been formal repatriations. [...]

How We Know

Why do non-Indian Americans think about Indians the way they do, and what are the consequences? Scholars have explored these questions by analyzing the images of “Indianness” used by Americans. From colonial times forward, “Indian” figures or characters appeared in visual form–paintings, photographs, cartoons, home furniture and accessories, pageants and public shows, advertisements, film, and [...]

Challenging Stereotypes

The misleading stereotypes in Indian imagery did not go unchallenged by Native people in the Midwest. The Chicago Exposition in 1893, which attempted to bolster the image of the United States as a progressive, industrial society by contrasting a “civilized” America with the “primitive” non-Western world, received a critique from Simon Pokagon (1830-99), a Potawatomi [...]

How We Know

Scholars who have addressed the history of the repatriation movement focus on why Americans treated Native remains and objects the way they did. American collecting of these objects, they argue, should be understood as a form of “nation building,” in which Americans came to view the dead bodies of Indians as trophies. In Europe, displaying [...]


NAGPRA (the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act) was passed on November 16, 1990. It defined ownership and provided for the return of Native American (including Hawaiian) human remains and objects from museums. It also established procedures for future acquisitions. Subsequently, human remains and certain objects could be claimed (or repatriated) by lineal descendants [...]


All the tribes in the Great Lakes area have casinos. Those in Minnesota are the third most profitable Indian casinos, behind Connecticut and California. But profits of these gaming operations vary from the tens of millions to about half a million dollars. Still, they have had a tremendous impact on the lives of Native people. [...]

Indian Imagery

Historically non-Indian Americans have used representations of Native peoples in the arts, political theatre, commerce, and social organizations, and they still do. This imagery has both reflected and reinforced the popular idea that Native people were not capable of contributing to American society. Native people themselves and scholars who study cultural representation argue that American [...]


In June 1971 Clyde Bellecourte led a group of American Indian Movement members to the site of an archaeological excavation in Minnesota. To the consternation of the students digging there, they confiscated the artifacts and filled in the trenches. This event helped trigger national attention to a long history of excavation of Indian burials that [...]