Posts Tagged ‘Language’

Quiz – Sovereignty


Tribal Museums

Several tribes in the Midwest operate tribal museums and cultural centers, sometimes in conjunction with tribal libraries. These are community-based and focused centers that are owned and managed by tribes. They have become an integral part of cultural renaissance in Native communities, as well as one of the ways Native communities try to correct misunderstandings [...]

Sports Imagery

Indian imagery used by athletic teams references both the Noble and Ignoble Indian. Beginning in the early 20th century, high school, college and university, and professional sports teams used “Indian” names, mascots, and logos on everything from clothing to mugs to toilet paper. A national movement led by Indian activists began in 1989, with the [...]

DeMallie – Christianity and Identity

Please close this window to return to previous page. In the 1830s, the first resident Christian missionaries arrived among the Dakota. They understood their mission to be one of bringing the word of God to the Dakota people and the question was what was the most effective way of doing it. And as they arrived [...]

DeMallie – History and Identity

Please close this window to return to previous page. When explorers first came to the Midwest, they were from France, and they met a number of the Dakota people living on the Mississippi River in the area of what is now Minnesota. Their territory stretched from Mille Lacs down the Mississippi and then westward up [...]

DeMallie – Language

Please close this window to return to previous page. From the beginning of their relationship with Europeans and Americans, the Dakota have always resisted integrating words from European languages into their own language. They’re not people who borrow words from other languages. So, for the Dakotas, [for] the various new things that were brought into [...]

Language and Identity

Please close this window to return to previous page. JODY ALLEN CROWE (Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa, MN) We now have fluent speakers as of this year starting at zero or birth all the way up to second grade in with kids all day and their job is to speak the Ojibwa language so kids [...]

How We Know

Why do non-Indian Americans think about Indians the way they do, and what are the consequences? Scholars have explored these questions by analyzing the images of “Indianness” used by Americans. From colonial times forward, “Indian” figures or characters appeared in visual form–paintings, photographs, cartoons, home furniture and accessories, pageants and public shows, advertisements, film, and [...]


For centuries, Americans have regarded Native Americans as the “Other,” that is, fundamentally different from themselves. Majority Americans have viewed the Other (“Indians”) as lacking something, either in a good way or a bad way. Such a characterization of Indians is a stereotype. It does not represent the reality of Native American cultures and histories. [...]