Posts Tagged ‘Environment’

Menominee Forestry

Please close this window to return to previous page. Marshall Pecore, Menominee Forest Manager: Menominee history of forest management is a unique blend of people’s conviction and legislation. This long term forest management [on] Menominee seems to demonstrate well here that you can have spiritual rejuvenation, you can have economic base, you can have recreation. [...]


Please close this window to return to previous page. Nick Vander Puy: George Meyer, we’re at Bad River Indian Reservation. We’ve been getting together with tribal biologists, with spearers, with netters, with tribal attorneys, state attorneys. It’s kind of an old home week. George Meyer: It truly is. Many of these people were in the [...]

Stripping Bark

Please close this window to return to previous page. Yvonne Walker-Keshick: Usually when we pick the bark, it’s usually a hot, sunny day. The mosquitoes are insane, worse than today. They’re just swarming all over, the mosquitoes are. We need a thunderstorm, a hot, warm day, the strawberries, the wild strawberries got to be ripe, [...]

Tribal Businesses

Tribally-owned businesses became fairly common after the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. The federal government encouraged, funded, and supervised cooperatives that sold wild rice or beadwork, for example, but these businesses were short-lived. During the War on Poverty in the 1960s and early 1970s, tribes could receive federal funds to establish “industrial parks” with water, [...]

Making Money

With the arrival of the French, Native people began to produce furs and hides for the international and regional markets. While the creation of social ties rather than the profit motive was initially at the forefront of Indian transactions, they soon became good at trade negotiations, playing the French and English off against one another [...]


Providing meat for their families was primarily the job of men, although women sometimes hunted small animals. Hunting methods, based on extensive knowledge of the habits of game animals, included shooting with a bow and arrow or gun and setting various kinds of traps. Hunters had different arrows for different kinds of game: small ones [...]

Wild Rice

Wild rice is a cereal native to North America. It has a greater nutritional value than wheat or oats and was harvested extensively in Wisconsin, Minnesota, parts of Michigan and northern Ohio, Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana. Today, the range is more restricted. The plant is a grass that grows in fresh or brachial water from [...]


Native people used their extensive knowledge of the forest to obtain food, such as berries, roots, nuts, and leaves for tea. And the sap they obtained from maple trees was made into granulated sugar, syrup, and gum sugar. It was used as a condiment on fish and other foods. How did they obtain maple sugar? [...]

Cultural Identity

In the Great Lakes area, the local groups have shared a regional culture and also developed variations on this culture. The principal theme of regional culture is reciprocity, the belief that it is necessary and morally right to give something to get something in return. This idea has been expressed in the value placed on [...]

How We Know

To understand the place of Native people in the regional economy today, scholars take a long-term or historical approach. Before the American era, Native people worked for wages and produced goods for the market, playing a vital part in the Great Lakes economy. LISTEN TO HISTORIAN DAVE EDMUNDS DISCUSS POTAWATOMI ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE 1840s. Help [...]