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  • Aztalan. Courtesy of Kenosha Public Museum © Rob Evans Mural
  • Menominee Village, ca. 1842. Courtesy of Wisconsin Historical Society
  • Ojibwa Houses, Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin, 2011. Photo courtesy of Charlie Rasmussen

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People, Places, and Time | Eras | Indian Perspectives | How We Know

  • Cahokia. Painting by William R. Iseminger, Courtesy of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site
  • Ojibwa Houses, Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin, 2011. Photo courtesy of Charlie Rasmussen

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Moundbuilders

  • Cahokia. Painting by William R. Iseminger, Courtesy of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site

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Fur Trade Era

  • White Trader with Winter Hunting Party of Ojibwas, ca. 1820. Painter unknown. With permission of the Royal Ontario Museum © ROM

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American Expansion Era

  • Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) Women Shopping in Black River Falls, Wisconsin, 1900-1907. Photo courtesy of National Anthropological Archives (BAEGN4348)

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Sovereignty Era

  • Ojibwa Houses, Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin, 2011. Photo by Charlie Rasmussen

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Homeland | Land, Water | Treaty Rights | How We Know

  • Spearing by Torch Light, by Paul Kane (Wanderings of an Artist, Newberry Library, Ayer250.2K21859)
  • Spearing Walleye, 2005. Photo courtesy of Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission

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Farming

  • Parade Float, Garden Produce, 2005. Photo courtesy of Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi

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Hunting

  • Hunting Deer, 1997. Photo courtesy of Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission

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Fishing

  • Winter Ice Fishing, 2009. Photo courtesy of Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission

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Wild Rice

  • Ojibwa Man Ricing, Totogatic Lake, Wisconsin, 2006. Photo courtesy of Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission

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Gathering

  • Ojibwa Women Gathering Cattail Roots. Photo courtesy of White Earth Tribal and Community College

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Marketplace / Main page

  • Chippewa Indians Selling Maple Sugar, 1909-12. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society
  • Soaring Eagle Casino, Saginaw-Chippewa Reservation. Photo courtesy of Paula Rice

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Marketplace / Commercial Activity

  • Chippewa Indians Selling Maple Sugar, 1909-12. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society
  • Soaring Eagle Casino, Saginaw-Chippewa Reservation. Photo courtesy of Paula Rice

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Marketplace / Making Money

  • Chippewa Indians Selling Maple Sugar, 1909-12. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society

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Marketplace / Tribal Businesses

  • Oneida Nation Farms, Seymour, WI. Photo courtesy of Oneida Nation Farms

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Marketplace / Casinos

  • Soaring Eagle Casino, Saginaw-Chippewa Reservation. Photo courtesy of Paula Rice

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Marketplace / How We Know

  • Chippewa Indians Selling Maple Sugar, 1909-12. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society
  • Soaring Eagle Casino, Saginaw-Chippewa Reservation. Photo courtesy of Paula Rice

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Treaties / Main page

  • Treaty of Traverse des Sioux, 1851. Painting by Frank Blackwell Mayer, 1885.
    Courtesy of the Minnesota Historical Society
  • At the International Indian Treaty Council, 1981. Photo courtesy of Randy Croce

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Treaties Past

  • Treaty of Traverse des Sioux, 1851. Painting by Frank Blackwell Mayer, 1885.
    Courtesy of the Minnesota Historical Society

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Treaties Present

  • Eva Conner, St. Croix Ojibwa, running with the treaty staff in central Wisconsin en route to Washington DC, 1998. Photo courtesy of Charlie Otto Rasmussen

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Treaties / How We Know

  • Treaty of Traverse des Sioux, 1851. Painting by Frank Blackwell Mayer, 1885.
    Courtesy of the Minnesota Historical Society
  • At the International Indian Treaty Council, 1981. Photo courtesy of Randy Croce

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Identities / Main page

  • Diplomatic Credentials: Clan Symbols. Drawn by Seth Eastman. In Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Statistical and Historical Information, (Newberry Library, Ayer 251 S3h, plate 60, 1851)
  • President Clinton Approving Pokagon Federal Recognition, 1994. Courtesy of William J. Clinton Presidential Library

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Identities / Cultural Identity

  • Teaching Sugarbush. Photo by Sue Erickson, courtesy of Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission

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Identities / Legal Identity

  • “Trouble With Blood Quantum.” Courtesy of Marty Two Bulls Sr., m2bulls.com

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Identities / Tribal Enrollment

  • Leech Lake Reservation. Photo by Lee Odden

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Identities / Federal and State Recognition

  • President Clinton Approving Pokagon Federal Recognition, 1994. Courtesy of William J. Clinton Presidential Library

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Identities / How We Know

  • Diplomatic Credentials: Clan Symbols. Drawn by Seth Eastman. In Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Statistical and Historical Information, (Newberry Library, Ayer 251 S3h, plate 60, 1851)
  • President Clinton Approving Pokagon Federal Recognition, 1994. Courtesy of William J. Clinton Presidential Library

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Property / Main

  • Winnebago with Medicine Bags in Medicine Lodge Ceremony. Painted by Seth Eastman, from Mary H. Eastman, Aboriginal Port-Folio (Newberry Library, Ayer 250.45E2 1853a)
  • Stockbridge-Munsee Tribal Chairman Robert Chicks Presenting Wampum, 2005. Photo courtesy of Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians

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Property / Ownership

  • Winnebago with Medicine Bags in Medicine Lodge Ceremony. Painted by Seth Eastman, from Mary H. Eastman, Aboriginal Port-Folio (Newberry Library, Ayer 250.45E2 1853a)

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Property / NAGPRA

  • President George Bush Signs NAGPRA, 1990. Photo courtesy of George Bush Presidential Library and Museum

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Property / How We Know

  • Winnebago with Medicine Bags in Medicine Lodge Ceremony. Painted by Seth Eastman, from Mary H. Eastman, Aboriginal Port-Folio (Newberry Library, Ayer 250.45E2 1853a)
  • Stockbridge-Munsee Tribal Chairman Robert Chicks Presenting Wampum, 2005. Photo courtesy of Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians

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Imagery / Main Page

  • The Signal, Chicago, Illinois, 1894. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann
  • Foster Street Mural, Chicago, Illinois, 2009. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann

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Imagery / Stereotypes

  • The Signal, Chicago, Illinois, 1894. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann

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Imagery / Challenging Stereotypes

  • The Signal, Chicago, Illinois, 1894. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann
  • Foster Street Mural, Chicago, Illinois, 2009. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann

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Imagery / Sports Imagery

  • Chief Illiniwek, University of Illinois, 1970. Image 0005184, courtesy of University of Illinois Archive

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Imagery / Tribal Museums

  • Making a Birch Bark Canoe. Photo courtesy of Lac Vieux Desert Tribe

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Imagery / How We Know

  • The Signal, Chicago, Illinois, 1894. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann
  • Foster Street Mural, Chicago, Illinois, 2009. Photo courtesy of Frances L. Hagemann

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