17 results for “Riel, Louis David”

Memorial Image of Louis Riel

A memorial to Metis leader Louis Riel who was executed by Canadian authorities on the charges of murder and treason. The imagery of cabins and a teepee suggests the close relationship between the Metis and American Indians on the Canadian Great Plains.

Date
1886
Subjects
Riel Rebellion, 1885
Visions of history
Places
Canada
Manitoba
People
Riel, Louis David
Capture of Louis Riel by the Scouts Armstrong and Howie, May 15, 1885

Louis Riel was a Métis leader who headed a provisional government in opposition to the Canadian government in 1885. The “Riel Rebellion” was defeated militarily and Riel was convicted of treason and executed.

Date
1885
Subjects
Metis
Riel Rebellion, 1885
Places
Canada
Saskatchewan
People
Riel, Louis, 1844-1885
Major General Frederick Middleton

Major General Frederick Middleton led the Canadian forces against the Northwest Rebellion led by Louis Riel. Middleton was a long-serving officer in the British imperial armed forces. He he served in campaigns against the Maori of New Zealand and the 1857 rebellion in India. This image from a pictorial account of the Riel Rebellion portrays Middleton and his officers as the zenith of imperial order. In reality, the Canadian soldiers he led into battle were poorly trained and unprepared for actual combat.

Date
1885
Subjects
Empire
Riel Rebellion, 1885
Places
Canada
Saskatchewan
Fur trade contract, 1692

Fur trade contract, dated Sept. 15, 1692 in Ville-Marie, Québec, concerning transport of merchandise to Michilimackinac and Chicago to be traded for beaver pelts. The contract describes an agreement between François Francoeur dit Lavalle—represented here by his wife Marie Magdeleine St.-Jean, authorized by him to conduct their joint business affairs while he was away “aux Illinois”—and four voyageurs: Simon Guillory, Jean Baptiste Jarry, Louis Roy, and by proxy, Simon Roy. For 500 livres each in beaver pelts, and their food, the voyageurs agreed to make the journey to Michilimackinac and “Chicagou” (one of the earliest references to Chicago in a voyageur contract) the following spring, in two canoes to be furnished by them, to transport merchandise, and to make the return with beaver pelts. At each of the trading centers, the four voyageurs have permission to use one of the canoes to trade 300 livres of merchandise each for personal profit. There are also provisions concerning voyageurs “hyvernants,” those who spend the winter out in trapping country in Illinois. The contract includes Francoeur's footnotes in margins, marked in the text with a sequence of carats and circles. Each addition is initialed by two or three of the parties involved, and the document is signed by St.-Jean and Guillory; the notary, Maugue; and witnesses Jean Legras and Adrien Betouni. Jarry and Roy did not sign, as they did not know how to write their names.

Creator
Francoeur, François
Guillory, Simon
Jarry, Jean Baptiste
Roy, Louis
Roy, Simon
St.-Jean, Marie Magdeleine
Date
1692
Subjects
Canoes and canoeing
Fur trade
Places
Chicago (Ill.)
Fort Michilimackinac (Mackinaw City, Mich.)
French Canada
Great Lakes
Québec
People
Francoeur dit Lavalle, François
Types and Development of Man

An illustration from the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, Missouri, conveys the racialist thinking common at the time.

Creator
Buel, James W., 1849-1920
Date
1904
Subjects
World's Fair, St. Louis, 1904
The Looting of the Old Town of Battleford

During the 1880s communities in Canada's western prairies rebelled against a plan to extend a transcontinental railroad through their territory. Descendants of American Indians and French settlers, these “Métis” communities wanted to preserve their autonomy from the Anglo-Canadians who dominated the central government. This illustration justifies the military campaign against the Metis by depicting them in stereotypical ways as drunken, lazy, and violent.

Date
1885
Subjects
Indians of North America
Metis
Riel Rebellion, 1885
Places
Canada
Saskatchewan
The Capture of Batoche

Batoche in Saskatchewan was the capital of the Métis provisional government during the 1885 Riel Rebellion. The Canadian government defeated the rebellion in the Battle of Batoche.

Date
1885
Subjects
Battle of Batoche
Metis
Riel Rebellion, 1885
Places
Canada
Saskatchewan
Prairie Church Parade of General Middleton's Command

This image portrays the Canadian soldiers dispatched to put down the Riel Rebellion as orderly and well-disciplined. It is likely that the illustrator sought to contrast the largely Protestant Canadian troops with the Catholic rebels who were portrayed in other images as unruly drunkards and cowards. In reality the Canadian troops were ill-prepared for combat.

Date
1885
Subjects
Religion
Riel Rebellion, 1885
Beaver

This drawing depicts a beaver and a scene showing Native Americans capturing and drying the meat of wild “Beeves” (long horned beef cattle). Lahontan had visited New France with the French colonial army in the late 1780s, and his account of his travels helped shaped European perceptions of North America.

Creator
Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de
Date
1703
Profile of Custer

The title page of Custer's memoir characterized it as “Being a Complete History of Indian Life, Warfare, and Adventure in America. Making Specially Prominent the Late Indian War, with Full Descriptions of The Messiah Craze, Ghost Dance, Life of Sitting Bull. The Whole Forms an Authentic and Complete History of the Savage Races in America-their Illustrious Leaders, Their Beliefs, Manners, and Customs, comprising Terrible Battles, Wonderful Escapes, Thrilling Tales of Heroism, Daring Exploits, Wonderful Fortitude, etc. etc.”

Date
1891
Places
Great Plains
People
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876