125 results for “Chicago (Ill.)”

Railroad employee reading strike news, Burlington, Iowa

Strikes and government intervention were in the headlines in 1948 as American workers and their unions exerted newly won power to win higher wages. Although this photograph was taken as part of an effort to document life and work along the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, it was never published.

Date
1948
Subjects
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company
Railroads
Strikes and lockouts
Places
Iowa
Scott Rader Farm near Knoxville, Illinois

Scott Rader's four children walk behind a small herd of cattle.

Creator
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company
Date
ca. 1949
Subjects
Agriculture
Children
Farming
Places
Illinois
Frontispiece to Clarence Darrow's _Argument in Defense of the Communists_

Among those arrested in January 1920 were twenty members of the Communist Labor Party, one of two newly formed left wing parties that emulated the revolutionary example of the Russian Bolsheviks. Charged under a wartime sedition law, the Communists faced long jail terms. In their defense, well-known civil liberties attorney Clarence Darrow argued that the government targeted the Communists for their beliefs rather than any criminal activities.

Date
1920
Subjects
Civil rights
Communism
Law
People
Darrow, Clarence
McClure Farm, Franklin County, Indiana

This image of a well-established farm in south eastern Indiana is an example of the many county atlases produced in midwestern states during the late 19th century. The accompanying text (readable in the second image) relates the McClure's family history including their origins in western Ireland, and James McClure's political affiliation.

Date
1882
Subjects
Agriculture
Immigration
Mapping
Places
Indiana
Cheap Farms for Settlers

A broadside advertising land for sale in western Iowa. In addition to selling farm land, the American Emigrant Company recruited European workers and farmers to migrate to the western United States, arranged their travel and work contracts, and handled money sent home by immigrants. Prominent business and political leaders were major investors in the company.

Date
1865
Subjects
Advertisements
Education
Farming
Immigration
Railroads
Places
Iowa
Liberty Line

Reproduced in a 1904 history of the Underground Railroad, this advertisement from an abolitionist periodical of 1844 offers free travel to Canada for those “who may wish to improve their health and circumstances.” The “Liberty Line” was not a real railroad, but a network of sympathetic northerners who helped escaped slaves flee to Canada were slavery had been abolished.

Date
1904
Subjects
Canada
Emancipation
Slavery
Underground Railroad
Title page and annotated flyleaf to _Biographical History of Shelby and Audubon Counties, Iowa_

In the late nineteenth century publishers compiled histories and biographical dictionaries for counties throughout the Midwest. Residents often paid for their biographies to be included. In this copy a family has kept track of its genealogy, with reference to a biography in the volume as well as to relatives in Hull, England and Wheeling, West Virginia.

Date
1889
Places
Iowa
Michigan Central Railroad Niagara Falls Route

The Michigan Central Railroad knit together an international Great Lakes region, connecting upper and lower Michigan to Chicago, Ontario, New York, and Boston. At Niagara Falls the Michigan Central carried passengers across a cantilevered bridge past a scenic gorge.

Date
1888
Subjects
Railroads
The Switzerland of America

Appearing in a guidebook, “How to Go West,” this advertisement celebrated the healthful climate and natural beauty of the Rocky Mountains as “The Switzerland of America.”

Date
1872
Subjects
Railroads
Tourism
Places
Colorado
Great Plains
Views of the Big Blue, South of Seward, Nebraska

Appearing in a guide for potential settlers, “How to Go West,” these images of rolling prairie in eastern Nebraska suggest both prosperous farms and open land for newcomers. Railroads crossing the Great Plains often advertised the availability of good land in areas served by their lines.

Date
1872
Subjects
Advertisement
Agriculture
Railroads
Places
Great Plains
Nebraska