Pennsylvania Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
John H. Long, Editor; Peggy Tuck Sinko, Associate; Gordon DenBoer, Historical Compiler; Douglas Knox, Book Digitizing Director; Emily Kelley, Research Associate; Laura Rico-Beck, GIS Specialist and Digital Compiler; Peter Siczewicz, ArcIMS Interactive Map Designer; Robert Will, Cartographic Assistant
Copyright The Newberry Library 2008
Abernethy, Thomas Perkins. Western Lands and the American Revolution. New York: Russell and Russell, 1959.
Africa, J. Simpson. History of Huntingdon and Blair Counties, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1883.
Albert, George Dallas, ed. History of the County of Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia, 1882.
Archives of Maryland. 72 vols. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1883–1972. Published sources from the state archives.
Armstrong, Edward, ed. "Record of the Court at Upland, in Pennsylvania, 1676 to 1681." Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 7 (1860): 11–203. A good source for description of the 1678 line with New Castle.
Atlas of the County of Lawrence and the State of Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys and Official Records. 1872. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1978.
Beers, F. W. Atlas of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys. 1872. Reprint. Carlisle, Pa.: Cumberland County Historical Society, 1976. New endpaper maps cover development of Cumberland municipalities.
Beyer, Richard Lawrence. "Relations of New York and Pennsylvania, 1710–1719." New York Historical Society Quarterly Bulletin 14 (1930–1931): 3–12.
Blackman, Emily C. History of Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, from a Period Preceding Its Settlement to Recent Times, Including the Annals and Geography of Each Township, with Maps and Numerous Illustrations, Also a Sketch of Woman's Work in the County for the United States Sanitary Commission, and a List of the Soldiers of the National Army Furnished by Many of the Townships. Philadelphia, 1873.
Bomberger, C. M. Short History of Westmoreland County: First County West of the Appalachians. Jeannette, Pa.: Jeannette Publishing Co., 1941.
Bowen, Clarence Winthrop. Boundary Disputes of Connecticut. Boston, 1882.
Boyd, Julian P. "Attempts to Form New States in New York and Pennsylvania, 1786–1796." New York State Historical Association Quarterly Journal 12 (1931): 257–270.
Bradsby, H. C., ed. History of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Selections. Chicago, 1893.
Bronner, Edwin B. William Penn's "Holy Experiment": The Founding of Pennsylvania, 1681–1701. New York: Temple University Publications, 1962. Distributed by Columbia University Press.
Buck, William J. History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. [Willow Grove, Pa.], 1855.
Bucks County Historical-Tourist Commission. History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Part I. Fallsington, Pa., 1970. Only Part I was published.
Cappon, Lester J., Barbara Bartz Petchenik, and John Hamilton Long, eds. Atlas of Early American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760–1790. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976. Section on boundaries is thoroughly documented.
Carlson, Robert E., comp. Chester County (Pennsylvania) Bibliography. Kennett Square, Pa.: KNA Press, 1981.
Cochran, Thomas C. Pennsylvania: A Bicentennial History. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1978.
Connecticut. Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut. Vols. 1–3 edited by J. H. Trumbull; vols. 4–15 edited by C. J. Hoadly. Hartford, 1850–1890. Volume 14 deals with dispute between Connecticut and Pennsylvania. Cited as Conn. Col. Recs.
Connecticut. Public Records of the State of Connecticut. Vols. 1–3 edited by C. J. Hoadly; vols. 4–7 edited by L. W. Labaree; vol. 8 edited by L. W. Labaree and C. Fennelly; vols. 9–10 edited by A. E. Van Dusen. Hartford, 1894–. Cited as Conn. St. Recs.
Cook, Chester P. "Map Making and Some Maps of Montgomery County." Montgomery County Historical Society Bulletin 2 (1939–1941): 51–56.
[Craft, David.] History of Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1878.
Crumrine, Boyd. "Boundary Controversy between Pennsylvania and Virginia; 1748–1785." Annals of the Carnegie Museum 1 (1902): 505–524. Reprint. Pittsburgh, 1902.
Crumrine, Boyd, ed. History of Washington County, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia, 1882.
Davis, F. A. New Illustrated Atlas of Westmoreland Co., Pennsylvania. Rev. ed. Rimersburg, Pa.: Pennsylvania Record Press, 1971. Section on Westmoreland County in 1971 supplements facsimile of original 1876 atlas.
DenBoer, Gordon. Atlas of Historical County Boundaries: Pennsylvania. Edited by John H. Long. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1996. 82 counties, 241 pages, 334 maps.
Diehl, Fred W. History of Montour County, Pennsylvania. Danville, Pa., .
Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York. Vols. 1–11 edited by E. B. O'Callaghan; vols. 12–15 edited by B. Fernow. Albany, 1853–1887. Cited as Docs. of N.Y.
Donehoo, George P., ed. History of the Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania. 2 vols. Harrisburg: Susquehanna History Association, 1930.
Doutrich, Paul. "Cresap's War: Expansion and Conflict in the Susquehanna Valley." Pennsylvania History 53 (1986): 89–104.
Dructor, Robert M. Guide to Genealogical Sources at the Pennsylvania State Archives. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1980.
Dubester, Henry J. State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken after the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States. 1948. Reprint. New York: Burt Franklin, 1969. The standard guide for its subject.
[Durant, S. W., and P. A. Durant.] History of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania. 1877. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1978.
Espenshade, A. Howry. Pennsylvania Place Names. Pennsylvania State College Studies in History and Political Science, no. 1, College Series, no. 1. State College, Pa.: Pennsylvania State College, 1925.
Evans, Lewis. "A Map of That Part of Bucks County Released by the Indians to the Proprietaries of Pennsilvania in September 1737." 1738. MS. Reproduced in Indian Treaties Printed by Benjamin Franklin, 1736–1762. Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1938. Facing p. iv. Widely known as the "Map of the Indian Walking Purchase, 1737." Original MS in Logan Papers, Misc. MSS I, 119, Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Farnham, Mary Frances, comp. Farnham Papers [1603–1688]. Vols. 7 and 8 of Documentary History of the State of Maine. Collections of the Maine Historical Society, 2d ser. Portland, 1901–1902. These documents are concerned chiefly with territorial changes.
Filby, P. William, comp. Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985.
Flick, Alexander C., ed. History of the State of New York. 10 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1933–1937.
Florin, John. Advance of Frontier Settlement in Pennsylvania, 1638–1850: A Geographic Interpretation. Department of Geography, Pennsylvania State University, Papers in Geography, no. 14. University Park, Pa., 1977.
Freeze, John G. History of Columbia County, Pennsylvania. Bloomsburg, Pa., 1883.
Futhey, J. Smith, and Gilbert Cope. History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches. Philadelphia, 1881.
G. M. Hopkins and Co. Atlas of the County of Montgomery and the State of Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys and Official Records. Philadelphia, 1871.
Garrison, Hazel Shields. "Cartography of Pennsylvania before 1800." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 59 (1935): 255–283.
George, Staughton, Benjamin M. Nead, and Thomas McCamant, eds. Charter to William Penn and Laws of the Province of Pennsylvania Passed between the Years 1682 and 1700, Preceded by Duke of York's Laws in Force from the Year 1676 to the Year 1682, with an Appendix Containing Laws Relating to the Organization of the Provincial Courts and Historical Matter. Harrisburg, 1879. This book covers most of the material planned for the unpublished first volume of Pennsylvania, Statutes at Large, listed below.
Godcharles, Frederic A. Pennsylvania: Political, Governmental, Military and Civil. 4 vols. New York: American Historical Society, 1933.
Gordon, Thomas F. Gazetteer of the State of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1832.
Graham, J. D. "Col. Graham's Report to the Commissioners." In Message from the Governor of Maryland, Transmitting the Reports of the Joint Commissioners and of Lt. Col. Graham, U.S. Engineers, in Relation to the Boundary Lines of the States of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, 17–87. Washington, D.C., 1850.
Greene, Evarts B., and Virginia D. Harrington. American Population before the Federal Census of 1790. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932.
Hayes, J. Carroll. "Delaware Curve: The Story of the Pennsylvania-Delaware Circular Boundary." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 47 (1923): 238–258.
Hening, William W., ed. Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, From the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619 [to 1792]. 13 vols. Richmond, 1819–1823.
History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, Pennsylvania, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Chicago, 1884.
History of Butler County, Pennsylvania. 2 vols. 1895. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1977.
History of Franklin County, Pennsylvania, Containing a History of the County, Its Townships, Towns, Villages, Schools, Churches, Industries, Etc., Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, Biographies, History of Pennsylvania, Statistical and Miscellaneous Matter, Etc., Etc. Chicago, 1887.
History of Luzerne, Lackawanna, and Wyoming Counties, Pennsylvania, with Illustrations, and Biographical Sketches of Some of Their Prominent Men and Pioneers. New York, 1880.
History of That Part of the Susquehanna and Juniata Valleys, Embraced in the Counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 2 vols. 1886. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1975.
History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania. 1883. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1977.
History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania, Embracing Its Topographical and Geological Features, Indians and White Explorers, Beginning and Organization, Pioneers and Early Settlement, Early Courts and Cases, Internal Improvements, Industrial Development, Coal Mines and Mining, Public Buildings and Officials, Legal and Medical Professions, Military History, Literature, Sketches of Boroughs, Townships, and Villages, Material, Social, Educational, and Religious Progress, Biographies and Portraits of Pioneers and Representative Citizens, Etc., Etc., Etc. Harrisburg,1897.
History of Venango County, Pennsylvania: Its Past and Present, Including Its Aboriginal History, the French and British Occupation of the Country, Its Early Settlement and Subsequent Growth, a Description of Its Historic and Interesting Localities, Its Rich Oil Deposits and Their Development, Sketches of Its Cities, Boroughs, Townships, and Villages, Neighborhood and Family and History, Portraits and Biographies of Pioneers and Representative Citizens, Statistics, Etc., Etc. Chicago,1890.
Hottenstein, JoAnne, and Sibyl Welch. Incorporation Dates for Pennsylvania Municipalities. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, 1965.
Howell, Reading. Map of the State of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1792.
Huston, Charles. Essay on the History and Nature of Original Titles to Land in the Province and State of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1849.
Illick, Joseph E. Colonial Pennsylvania: A History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.
Johannsen, Robert W. "Conflict between the Three Lower Counties on the Delaware and the Province of Pennsylvania, 1682–1704." Delaware History 5 (1952–1953): 96–132.
Kane, Joseph Nathan. American Counties: Origins of Names, Dates of Creation and Organization, Area, Population, Historical Data, and Published Sources. 3d ed. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1972.
Koontz, William H., ed. History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Personal History. 3 vols. 1906. Reprint. [Somerset, Pa.]: Historical and Genealogical Society of Somerset County, 1983.
Lake, D. J. Atlas of Adams County, Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys. 1872. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1978.
Lechner, Carl Bernard. "Erie Triangle, 1782–1802." Ph.D. diss., Case Western Reserve University, 1975. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1977.
Lefferts, Walter. "Story of Pennsylvania's Southern Boundary." Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Philadelphia 18 (1920): 94–99.
Lemon, James T. Best Poor Man's Country: A Geographical Study of Early Southeastern Pennsylvania. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1972.
Linn, John Blair. History of Centre and Clinton Counties, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1883.
Long, John H. "Case Study in Utilizing Computer Technology: The Atlas of Historical County Boundaries." Perspectives: American Historical Association Newsletter 30, no. 3 (March 1992): 16–17. Describes how computers have been employed in the making of this atlas.
Long, John H., ed. Historical Atlas and Chronology of County Boundaries, 1788–1980. 5 vols. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1984.
Lunt, Dudley. Bounds of Delaware. Wilmington, Del., 1947.
Lytle, Milton Scott. History of Huntingdon County, in the State of Pennsylvania, from the Earliest Times to the Centennial Anniversary of American Independence, July 4, 1876. Lancaster, Pa., 1876.
M'Cauley, I. H. Historical Sketch of Franklin County, Pennsylvania, Prepared for the Centennial Celebration Held at Chambersburg, Penn'a, July 4th 1876, and Subsequently Enlarged. Chambersburg, Pa., 1878.
McCormick, Richard P. New Jersey From Colony to State, 1609–1789. Princeton, N.J.: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1964.
MacDonald, Grace E., comp. Check-List of Session Laws. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1936. Complemented by Pollack (below), this guide lists all state session laws through 1935.
MacDonald, Grace E., comp. Check-List of Statutes of States of the United States of America, Including Revisions, Compilations, Digests, Codes and Indexes. Providence: Oxford Press, 1937. the most complete guide to state codes through 1937.
MacReynolds, George. Place Names in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Alphabetically Arranged in an Historical Narrative. 2d ed. Doylestown, Pa.: Bucks County Historical Society, 1955.
Meginness, John F., ed. History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, Including Its Aboriginal History, the Colonial and Revolutionary Periods, Early Settlement and Subsequent Growth, Organization and Civil Administration, the Legal and Medical Professions, Internal Improvements, Past and Present History of Williamsport, Manufacturing and Lumber Interests, Religious, Educational, and Social Development, Geology and Agriculture, Military Record, Sketches of Boroughs, Townships, and Villages, Portraits and Biographies of Pioneers and Representative Citizens, Etc., Etc. Chicago, 1892.
Morton, Richard L. Colonial Virginia. 2 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1960.
Munroe, John A. Colonial Delaware: A History. Millwood, N.Y.: KTO Press, 1978.
Munroe, John A. History of Delaware. Newark, Del.: University of Delaware Press, 1979.
Nichols, Beach. Atlas of Blair and Huntingdon Counties, Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys. Philadelphia, 1873.
Nichols, Beach. Atlas of Centre County, Pennsylvania, from Actual Surveys. 1874. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1980.
[Oldmixon, John.] British Empire in America, Containing the History of the Discovery, Settlement, Progress and State of the British Colonies on the Continent and Islands of America. 2d ed. 2 vols. London, 1741.
Onuf, Peter S. Origins of the Federal Republic: Jurisdictional Controversies in the United States, 1775–1787. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Parry, Clive, ed. Consolidated Treaty Series. 231 vols. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1969–1981.
Paullin, Charles O. Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States. Edited by John K. Wright. Washington, D.C. and New York: Carnegie Institution of Washington and American Geographical Society of New York, 1932. Excellent section on international and interstate boundary disputes.
Pearce, Stewart. Annals of Luzerne County: A Record of Interesting Events, Traditions, and Anecdotes, from the First Settlement at Wyoming to 1860. Philadelphia, 1860.
Pearce, T. H. Franklin County, 1779–1979. Freeman, S.D.: Pine Hill Press, 1979.
Penn, William. Papers of William Penn. Edited by Richard S. Dunn and Mary Maples Dunn. 5 vols. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981–1987.
Pennsylvania. Laws of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg et al., 1776–. Cited as Pa. Laws.
Pennsylvania. Statutes at Large of Pennsylvania from 1682 to 1809. Vols. 2–16 compiled by James T. Mitchell and Henry Flanders; vols. 17–18 compiled by James T. Mitchell, J. Willis Martin, and Hampton L. Carson. Harrisburg, 1896–1915. Vol. 1 not published as such; its planned content was covered by George, Nead, and McCamant, listed above. Cited as Pa. Stat.
Pennsylvania Archives. 9 series. 109 vols. Philadelphia and Harrisburg, 1852–1935. Published primary sources from the state archives. Cited as Pa. Arch.
Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Bureau of Land Records. Maps Showing the Development of Pennsylvania. [Harrisburg]: 1962.
Pennsylvania Provincial Council. Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, from the Organization to the Termination of the Proprietary Government. 3 vols. Harrisburg, 1838–1840. Of ten projected volumes, only these were published.
Pennsylvania State Archives. Land Office Records. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg.
Pollack, Ervin H., comp. Supplement with Bibliographical Notes, Emendations, and Additions to the Check List of Session Laws, Compiled by Grace E. MacDonald. Preliminary ed. Boston: National Association of State Libraries, 1941. Fills gaps in MacDonald's 1935 compilation (above) to produce the most complete list of state session laws through 1935.
Pomfret, John E. Colonial New Jersey: A History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973.
Pomfret, John E. Province of East New Jersey, 1609–1702: The Rebellious Proprietary. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1962.
Potter, John E. "Pennsylvania and Virginia Boundary Controversy." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 38 (1914): 407–426.
Pratt, Daniel J., comp. Report of the Regents of the University on the Boundaries of the State of New York. N.Y. Sen. Doc. no. 108, 1873, and N.Y. Sen. Doc. no. 61, 1877. 2 vols. Albany, 1874–1884.
Reed, H. Clay. "Early New Castle Court." In Readings in Delaware History, edited by Carol E. Hoffecker, 11–27. Newark, Del.: University of Delaware Press, 1973.
Report on the Resurvey of the Maryland-Pennsylvania Boundary Part of the Mason and Dixon Line. [Maryland Geological Survey, 1908.] Both states published essentially identical copies of this report. Detailed and thorough, this report reproduces many maps.
Rodney, Richard S. "Early Relations of Delaware and Pennsylvania." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 54 (1930): 209–240.
Royce, Charles C., comp. "Indian Land Cessions in the United States." Part 2 of Eighteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1896–1897. Washington, D.C., 1899. The standard authority in its field; state maps detail all Indian land-cession treaties with the federal government.
Rupp, I. Daniel, comp. History and Topography of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Adams, and Perry Counties: Containing a Brief History of the First Settlers, Notices of the Leading Events, Incidents and Interesting Facts, Both General and Local, in the History of These Counties, General and Statistical Descriptions of All the Principal Boroughs, Towns, Villages, Etc. Lancaster, Pa., 1846.
Russ, William A. How Pennsylvania Acquired Its Present Boundaries. Pennsylvania Historical Association. Pennsylvania History Studies, no. 8. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University, 1966.
Scharf, J. Thomas. History of Delaware, 1609–1888. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1888.
Schenck, J. S., ed. History of Warren County, Pennsylvania, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Syracuse, N.Y., 1887.
Sheafer, P. W., et al., eds. Historical Map of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1875. Very helpful for old places, roads, names, and the like.
Sinko, Peggy Tuck. Guide to Local and Family History at the Newberry Library. Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1987.
Sipe, C. Hale. History of Butler County, Pennsylvania. 2 vols. Topeka: Historical Publishing Co., 1927.
Smith, Robert Walter. History of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. 1883. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1975.
Sosin, Jack M. Whitehall and the Wilderness: The Middle West in British Colonial Policy, 1760–1775. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1961.
Steinman, George. "Territorial Raids on Lancaster County." Lancaster County Historical Society Papers 8 (1903–1904): 97–109.
Stemmons, John D., and E. D. Stemmons. Pennsylvania in 1780. Salt Lake City, 1978.
Stephenson, Richard W., comp. Land Ownership Maps: A Checklist of Nineteenth Century United States County Maps in the Library of Congress. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1967. Most of the maps listed here have been reproduced on microfiche by the Library of Congress.
Stroup, John Martin, and Raymond Martin Bell. Genesis of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania: Its Aborigines, Explorers, Early Settlement and Development, Indian Wars and the Revolution, and Formation as a County. 1939. Reprint. Lewistown, Pa.: Mifflin County Historical Society, 1957.
Susquehannah Company Papers. Vols. 1–4 edited by Julian P. Boyd; vols. 5–11 edited by Robert J. Taylor. Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and Ithaca, N.Y., 1930–1971.
Swindler, William F., ed. Sources and Documents of United States Constitutions. 10 vols. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1973–1979. The most complete and up-to-date compilation for the states.
Thompson, Derek, and Charles E. Murphy, eds. Atlas of Maryland. College Park, Md.: Department of Geography, College Park Campus, University of Maryland, 1977.
Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987. An atlas of well-designed county outline maps for each state, accompanied by a bibliography and an explanation of methodology.
Turner, C. H. B., comp. Some Records of Sussex County, Delaware. Philadelphia: Allen, Lane and Scott, 1909.
United States. Statutes at Large of the United States of America, 1789–1873. 17 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1845–1874.
Van Zandt, Franklin K. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Geological Survey Professional Paper 909. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1976. The standard compilation for its subject.
Walker, G. H., and C. F. Jewett. County Atlas of Tioga, Pennsylvania, from Recent and Actual Surveys and Records. 1875. Reprint. [Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1977.]
Wallace, Paul A. W. Indians in Pennsylvania. 2d ed. Edited by William A. Hunter. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1981.
Weigley, Russell F., ed. Philadelphia: A 300-Year History. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1982.
Wells, Robert V. Population of the British Colonies in America before 1776. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1975.
Wessman, Alice L. History of Elk County, Pennsylvania, 1981. Ridgeway, Pa.: Elk County Historical Society, 1982.
Weyburn, S. Fletcher. Story of Lackawanna County and Lackawanna Historical Society. [Publications of the Lackawanna Historical Society], no. 9. Scranton, Pa, 1928.
Wing, Conway P., et al. History of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, with Illustrations. 1879. Reprint. Carlisle, Pa.: Cumberland County Historical Society and Hamilton Library Association, 1982.